What is the worldwide impact of gender inequality on economic growth? McKinsey partner Sandrine Devillard and expert Anu Madgavkar have looked at such issues and this short video summarizes the key findings:
When I lived and worked in a senior management position in Saudi Arabia I used to tell colleagues and business associates who were surprised that a woman held such a position that in Sweden men and women are equal by law. Imagine my surprise when I moved back to Sweden and found that women are still paid less than men for doing the same job. Having said that I’m not implying that Saudi women have the same rights as women do in the West but that much hasn’t happend to further woman’s rights here since the 80s.
Culture bringing segregation
Am teaching asylum seekers in Sweden Swedish and basic political/social science. One day some of the women asked if they could leave a bit early because the Arab association was having a meeting for women. Was intrigued so I asked if men and women were segregated at those meetings and was told that was the case. Can not help wondering if we are doing those women a favour by allowing segregation to take place in Europe? It’s a cultural issue and has nothing to do with religion. The same applies to women having to cover themselves according to Muslim friends of mine who are Saudi, Kuwaiti and other nationalities. Niqab and abaya developed as a result of the culture on the Arabian Peninsula. Am hence not pleased when I see women that are completely covered in Europe because of the culture in a country most of them have never even visited. On top of it, quite a few of the women were housewives back home in the Middle East and their husbands do not want them to work. Should we really allow men to have that kind of control over women in the West?
Recently there has been a lot of coverage in the Swedish press about men from other cultures refusing to shake hands with women. Freedom of religion is a sacred but is only a private legal entitlement. When you work in the public sector though, you are by law, obliged to treat all human beings the same way regardless of ethnicity, religion and gender. As far as I’m concerned it’s essential that people from other cultures in the West adapt to Western culture and standards and treat women like equals no matter what their opinion is. It’s because of men who don’t that we have a problem with honour crimes, and even killings, in the West. Men who believe that the honour of the family is more important than the lives of female members of their family should have their residence permits revoked and be deported. The women, on the other hand should be given help and protection.
Females getting more rights even in Saudi Arabia
The late King Abdullah gave Saudi women the right to vote. And vote they did this year and the Shoura Council hence has female members. Saudi women from the top echelons of society frequently attend university at home or in the West. And that’s how it started in the West, women from the establishment paved way for women of the lower classes. Many of my female Saudi friends hold high postions in business and public life. Sure it will take time for all women to have the same opportunities in the developing world not least because of men who don’t want women to have equal rights. But it will come.
Saudi Arabia also not long ago implemented a law that makes it illegal for a man to hit his wife which is a step in the right direction. When I explain Swedish law to asylum seekers I make it crystal clear that it is illegal to hit wives and children and it’s interesting to see their surprise and the smiles on the women’s faces. But when I ask the women what kind of work they plan to do in Sweden the ones that are married look a bit horrified and explain that they have never worked. Most of them have basic schooling but were married young and as a result never had the opportunity to create a career for themselves. It’s however lamentable that there are countries that are moving from secular to religious education with the inevitable result of segregation and lower quality of education. No wonder students there are unhappy of that happening in a global world. How will they compete with students from countries with secular schools? How will this move impact the country’s economy long term?
As we have concluded gender equality is generally speaking slowly improving in the developing world while in the West the authorities allow the patriarchy to continue. The latter is being done mainly because Westerners wrongly believe men behave like they do because of their religion. So the sooner the West wakes up and make sure women from the developing world get equal rights here the better. It’s frankly ludicrous that equality is increasing in developing countries and decreasing here. Governments worldwide have to cooperate and make sure equal rights are improved everywhere. The late King Abdullah of Saudi Arabia stated about ten years ago that including Saudi women in the workforce would benefit their economy enormously. More and more women are working there but the pace of change is slow, unfortunately.
It’s essential that not only all women, but all men, on a global scale are educated in order to get gender equality. The main obstacle is that some men feel better when they have power over their wife. So much so that they prefer that she stays at home even though it means the family has a lower income. So it’s essential that all human beings all over the world are educated to stop that kind of nonsense.
Western efforts necessary
What needs to be done in countries all over the world is described very well in the video. It’s, for instance, rediculous that there are less women than men on boards in our part of the world. More women graduate from university and work in the boardroom frequently improves when women are present. And why should women get paid less for doing the same work? What’s even more amazing is how few Western countries have ever had a female president or prime minister. So we in the West also have to get our act together and not feel that we are doing fine just because we are doing better than countries where men are in charge of women. And we must stop men from behaving as patriarchs in our part of the world. Not only do we make the women in their families suffer we also allow them to dent the equality we have gained. Do we really want two kinds of women in our part of the world; some free and in charge of their lives and some owned by the male members of their family? If we don’t stop men behaving as they did in their culture back home it will take longer to get equality on a global scale and improve prosperity.
Do you think it’s possible to get gender equality on a global scale? How long will it take? Should we in the West allow women to be treated as possessions? Is it essential that the world cooperates on furthering equality? What’s the best way to make sure all women get, at least, basic education? What other ideas do you have to further gender equality on a global scale?
Video: McKinsey & Co. – Picture: Catarina Alexon